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On school vacation from Australia with my mother, youngest brother and other relatives on our way to Ban Son, 1969


This section contains articles on the origin of the Hmong people and the history of the Hmong in Laos. Many books have been published on the so-called “secret war” that lasted from 1961 to 1973 in Laos. Countless debates and discussions have been conducted on the impact of the war, who did what, and whether there was a promise by the CIA to take care of the Hmong, the main recruits into its “secret army”, should it lose the war. There has been much historical revision and (mis)appropriation since the end of the war in 1975. I have tried to be as objective as possible in depicting the events during this period since the Hmong settlement in that small country.  


The articles below are devoted to this subject:


  1. Ethnic Minorities and Nation-building in Laos: The Hmong in the Lao State before 1975

  2. Minority Policies and the Hmong in Laos after 1975

  3. Refugees from Laos

  4. Diaspora and the Predicament of Origins: Interrogating Hmong Postcolonial History and Identity

  5. Nor Lue Lee: An Interview With My Father

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